What Are Job Requirements

Published: June 8th 2023

Finding job seekers can be relatively easy, but any Hiring Manager or employer knows that attracting qualified candidates who can meet the requirements of a role can often feel like an uphill battle.

Simply filling your workplace with any job seeker is unlikely to lead to success for your team or business. Instead, it's important to seek out and hire prospective employees who possess the right hard skills, personal traits, soft skills, education, additional qualifications, knowledge base, and relevant experience from previous positions. By doing so, you can position your business ahead of its competitors and rivals. To attract and hire the best candidates, it is crucial to provide clear job descriptions that include an accurate list of job requirements.

In this article, we will guide you on how to find ideal candidates by covering the following topics:

  • What is a job requirement?
  • Typical job requirements
  • How to add technical skills and soft skills to job postings
  • Examples of Job requirements section
  • Job requirements templates for job descriptions

What Is A Job Requirement?

Job requirements refer to the specific qualifications, soft and hard skills, experience, and personality traits that an employer expects from a candidate to fulfill a particular role within an organization. These requirements are essential for assessing the suitability of a prospective employee and determining their potential success in performing the job effectively.

Typically, job requirements in a job description can encompass a variety of factors. This may include the minimum education requirement, such as a high school diploma, graduate degree or professional licenses in a relevant field. It can also involve specific hard skills, which are technical abilities or expertise needed to perform daily tasks and job duties. Additionally, job requirements may specify desired soft skills, such as good communication, leadership, critical thinking, active listening, or problem-solving abilities, which are important for effective collaboration and teamwork.

Furthermore, experience is often a crucial aspect of job requirements. Employers may seek potential candidates who have relevant work experience in a similar role or industry, as it demonstrates their familiarity with the responsibilities and challenges associated with the job. Additionally, employers may deem that jobs require additional qualifications, such as industry-specific certifications or specialized training, as part of the job requirements in their job posting.

Overall, job requirements serve as a framework for identifying and evaluating prospective candidates who possess the necessary qualifications and essential qualities to excel in a particular position. By clearly outlining the job’s requirements in job postings and descriptions, employers can attract candidates who are genuinely interested and capable of meeting the demands of the open position.

Typical Job Requirements

When an employer is looking for good candidates, job requirements typically fit into groups. By considering each group at the start of your recruitment process, you ensure you cover all your bases. From the must-haves to employer preferences, these groups will help you find candidates that meet your minimum requirements and have your ideal candidate persona. The groups of job requirements are as follows:

  • Educational requirements
  • Accreditations, certifications, and professional licenses
  • Work experience
  • Technical skills and knowledge
  • Physical abilities
  • Personal traits
  • Languages

Educational Requirements

Educational requirements specify the level of education or specific degrees needed for a job. These job listing requirements ensure that candidates have the foundational knowledge and skills necessary to perform the job effectively. For example, a job in engineering may require a bachelor's degree in engineering or a related field to demonstrate technical competency.

Accreditations, Certifications, and Professional Licenses

These requirements pertain to specialized qualifications that validate an individual's expertise in a particular field. They can include industry certifications, professional licenses, or accreditations obtained through specific training programs or governing bodies. For instance, a job in healthcare might require candidates to hold a valid medical license or relevant certifications like CPR or nursing certifications.

Work Experience

Work experience refers to the previous professional roles and responsibilities a candidate has undertaken. It highlights the practical knowledge and skills gained through relevant employment. Employers often specify the minimum number of years or specific types of experience required for a position to ensure candidates have a solid foundation in the industry or specific job functions.

Technical Skills and Knowledge

Technical skills and knowledge encompass the specific abilities and expertise required to perform job-related tasks. These skills can range from proficiency in software applications and programming languages to equipment operation or specialized industry knowledge. For example, a job in IT might require knowledge of programming languages like Java or expertise in network administration.

Physical Abilities

Some jobs have physical requirements that candidates must meet to perform the duties effectively. Physical abilities can include strength, stamina, agility, or sensory capabilities. For instance, a job in construction may require candidates to lift heavy objects, work at heights, or possess good manual dexterity.

Personal Traits

Personal traits refer to the qualities, characteristics, and attributes that contribute to a candidate's suitability for a job. These can include traits like communication skills, adaptability, problem-solving abilities, leadership qualities, or teamwork. Personal traits are often essential for successful collaboration, customer service, and overall job performance.


Language requirements specify the languages in which candidates should be proficient. This can include both spoken and written skills. Language requirements are particularly relevant in global or multicultural environments or roles that involve interaction with clients or stakeholders from different linguistic backgrounds. For example, a job in international sales may require fluency in English and proficiency in additional languages like Spanish or Mandarin.

How To Add Technical Skills And Soft Skills To Job Postings

When crafting job listings, it is crucial that job requirements include both technical skills and soft skills to attract the right candidates for the role. Technical skills refer to the specific abilities and expertise required to perform job-related tasks, while soft skills encompass personality traits and qualities that contribute to effective communication, collaboration, and problem-solving. Here are some tips on how to incorporate both types of skills into job postings:

  • Identify Key Technical Skills: Target candidates by clearly outlining the technical skills that are essential for the position. Identify the specific software, tools, programming languages, or industry-specific knowledge that candidates should possess. For example, if hiring for a Software Developer role, specify the required programming languages and frameworks.
  • Specify Skill Levels: Indicate the expected proficiency levels for each technical skill. Clearly state whether a skill is required or preferred, and specify the desired level of expertise. This helps candidates assess their suitability for the role and ensures you attract prospective candidates with the right skill set.
  • Highlight Soft Skills: In addition to technical skills, emphasize the soft skills that are important for success in the job position. Consider the qualities and attributes that align with the company culture and the demands of the position. For instance, if hiring for a Project Manager, emphasize skills like leadership, communication, problem-solving, and teamwork.
  • Use Descriptive Language: Clearly describe the desired technical and soft skills using specific and concise language. Avoid vague or generic terms. Instead of simply stating ‘good communication skills,’ provide examples of how those skills are essential in the role, such as ‘ability to effectively communicate project requirements to cross-functional teams.’
  • Provide Context: Give prospective employees a clear understanding of how the skills are applied within the company. Describe scenarios or projects where these skills are used and their impact on achieving business objectives. This helps candidates envision themselves in the role and motivates those who possess the specific skills to apply.
  • Prioritize Skills: Organize the skills section of the job posting in a logical order, with the most critical skills and job requirements listed first. This ensures that your ideal candidate can quickly identify the core requirements and determine their fit for the position.
  • Be Inclusive: Keep in mind that candidates may possess a diverse range of skills and experiences. Avoid using exclusive language that may discourage qualified candidates from submitting their cover letter and applying for the open positions. Focus on the essential skills needed to excel in the role, rather than setting overly strict requirements that could limit the candidate pool.

By incorporating both technical skills and soft skills into job postings, you provide a comprehensive overview of the education requirements and qualities required for the position. This helps attract candidates who possess the right blend of technical expertise and personal attributes necessary to thrive in the role and contribute to the success of your organization.

Examples Of Job Requirements Section

Reviewing job requirements examples is an excellent way to learn and perfect how to write job requirements for a job listing. Next, we share examples of job requirements for a Business Administration role in a financial institution.

Job Requirements:

  • Educational Background: A bachelor's degree in business administration, finance, accounting, or a related field is typically required. An advanced degree, such as an MBA, may be preferred.
  • Financial Knowledge: Strong understanding of financial concepts, including budgeting, financial analysis, and financial reporting. Knowledge of banking operations, investment principles, and regulatory compliance is highly desirable.
  • Analytical Skills: Proficiency in data analysis, financial modeling, and the ability to interpret complex financial data. Strong attention to detail and the ability to identify trends and patterns within financial information.
  • Communication Skills: Excellent written and verbal communication skills are essential for effectively communicating with colleagues, clients, and stakeholders. This includes the ability to prepare comprehensive reports, presentations, and financial documents.
  • Organizational Skills: Strong organizational and time management skills to handle multiple tasks and prioritize workload effectively. The ability to meet deadlines and manage projects efficiently is crucial in a fast-paced financial institution.
  • Problem-Solving Abilities: Demonstrated critical thinking and problem-solving skills to analyze financial challenges and develop innovative solutions. The ability to assess risks, make sound decisions, and implement effective strategies.
  • Software Proficiency: Proficiency in financial software and tools such as spreadsheet applications (Excel), financial management systems, and database management software. Familiarity with industry-specific software and tools is a plus.
  • Teamwork and Collaboration: Ability to work effectively in a team environment, collaborating with cross-functional teams and stakeholders. Strong interpersonal skills to build and maintain relationships with clients and colleagues.
  • Ethical Standards: Adherence to high ethical standards and understanding of confidentiality requirements within the financial industry. Knowledge of legal and regulatory frameworks governing financial institutions.
  • Experience: Prior experience in a business administration role within the financial industry is advantageous. Experience in financial analysis, risk management, or financial operations is highly valued.

Please note that these job requirements are provided as an example and may vary depending on the specific needs and preferences of the financial institution.

Job Requirements Templates For Job Descriptions

We have a ready-to-complete job description template and job advert template to help your craft the perfect job posting. You can read further on what to include in a job specification in this insightful article that includes additional tips on how to prepare a job description.

Visit our job description library or select one of the business sectors below to find example job requirements for your job ad:

Job Description Job Requirements FAQs

Now, we answer any remaining questions Hiring Managers, employers, or job seekers may have about job requirements for job listings.

  • Essential job requirements are the qualifications, skills, and attributes that are absolutely necessary for an individual to successfully perform a specific job. These requirements are typically non-negotiable and are critical for ensuring that candidates have the minimum qualifications and capabilities required for the role. Essential job requirements vary depending on the nature of the job and can include educational qualifications, relevant work experience, technical skills, certifications, specific physical abilities, or language proficiency.

  • Educational requirements refer to the level of education or specific degrees and qualifications that are necessary for a job. These requirements outline the minimum educational background or training needed for a candidate to be considered eligible for a particular role. Educational requirements can range from high school diplomas or vocational certifications to bachelor's, master's, or doctoral degrees in specific fields of study. Employers specify educational requirements to ensure candidates possess the necessary knowledge and skills required to perform the job effectively.

  • To write great job requirements, consider the following tips:

    • Be clear and specific: Use concise language and clearly define the qualifications, skills, and experience required for the role.
    • Prioritize essential requirements: Start with the most critical qualifications and skills that are non-negotiable for the position.
    • Differentiate between required and preferred qualifications: Clearly distinguish between qualifications that are essential and those that are preferred or desired.
    • Use action-oriented language: Describe requirements in terms of what candidates should be able to do or demonstrate.
    • Avoid bias or discriminatory language: Ensure that the job requirements are inclusive and free from any bias or discriminatory language.
    • Be realistic and reasonable: Set requirements that are relevant to the responsibilities and level of the role, avoiding excessive or unnecessary qualifications.
    • Provide context: Explain the importance of each requirement and how it relates to the job's responsibilities and success.
    • Use a bullet-point format: Present requirements in a clear, easy-to-read format to enhance readability and understanding.
  • A requirement for the job refers to a specific qualification, skill, or attribute that is necessary for an individual to perform the duties and responsibilities of a particular position. Job requirements are outlined by employers in job descriptions and serve as criteria for evaluating candidates during the hiring process. These requirements can include educational qualifications, certifications, relevant work experience, technical skills, language proficiency, interpersonal skills, or specific physical abilities that are essential for successful job performance.

  • Job requirements and responsibilities are distinct but interconnected aspects of a job. Job requirements refer to the qualifications, skills, and attributes that candidates must possess to be considered eligible for a particular role. They outline the prerequisites necessary for candidates to effectively perform the job. On the other hand, job responsibilities encompass the specific tasks, duties, and obligations associated with the role. They define the core functions and expectations of the job, providing a framework for evaluating employee performance and determining the scope of work. Both job requirements and responsibilities are essential for defining the expectations and evaluating the performance of employees within an organization.


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